| The effect of a BEMER-typical pulsed electromagnetic field on the metabolism of erythrocytes and hemoglobin–oxygen affinity in healthy adults (2001) |
Krzysztof Spodaryk, Prof.Dr. - Vice Rector, Academy of Physical Education for Science Affairs
Against the backdrop of observed changes in circulatory parameters due to electromagnetic field effects (12) as an opportunity for treating ischemic diseases, Spodaryk investigated (Jagiellonian University Krakow) the metabolism of red blood cells and the hemoglobin oxygen affinity and the pH of the erythrocytes in venous blood of healthy adults under the influence of BEMER-typical pulsed electromagnetic fields.
Principal target parameters was the spectroscopic determination of ATP and 2,3-DPG (2.3 diphosphoglycerate) concentration of the erythrocytes and hemoglobin oxygen affinity. The measurement points were: D0, day before, D9, 9th day D18, 18th day after starting the BEMER 3000 - treatment, each 2 x 20 minutes per day at approximately the same time of day.
Between D0 and D9, no statistically significant difference was found; in contrast, the comparison between D0 and D18 with respect to the ATP level showed an increase of 18% (highly significant difference at the 1% level (p< 0.01)
The 2.3 DPG levels in the same period showed an increase of 10% (significant difference at the 5% level (p<0.05). Notwithstanding the increase of the 2.3 DPG – normally the hemoglobin–oxygen affinity is inversely proportional to the intracellular 2,3 DPG levels the hemoglobin-oxygen affinity paradoxically did not change.
According to Spodaryk, either the increase in 2.3 DPG was insufficient for a change in the p50 value in the ODC (oxygen dissociation curve) or other phenomena induced by the BEMER 3000 magnetic field therapy such as a change in the rheological properties of the erythrocytes and/or changes in the cell membrane, for example, inversely influenced the p50 value.
He assesses the increase in ATP and 2,3 DPG in the erythrocytes inasmuch as positive, because these high-energy relationships improve the oxygen supply to the tissues via the hemoglobin-oxygen affinity or through their cooperation in the hemodynamic and morphological equilibrium of the red blood cells. He stated (4.1.2.) Separation of the erythrocytes, according to the authors, could also be explained by the membrane stabilization and flexibilization caused by the increase in ATP concentration.